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On This Day in October

A selection of events either directly or indirectly connected with the Tower which have happened during the month of October

Translation of the Bible into English

4th 1535 The first English translation of the entire bible is printed, with translations by Tyndale and Coverdale.

Pope Leo X

11th Oct 1521 Pope Leo X grants Henry VIII the title 'Defender of the Faith' for a tract defending Catholicism.

Battle of Hastings

14th Oct 1066 William, Duke of Normandy, defeats and kills Harold II at the Battle of Hastings.

Battle of Agincourt

25th Oct 1415 Henry V's outnumbered English army defeats the 'flower of French chivalry' at the Battle of Agincourt

Sir Walther Raleigh - prisoner

29th Oct 1618 29 Oct Sir Walter Raleigh is executed for treason under a sentence which had been passed 15 years earlier

King David II of Scotland

17th October 1346 - Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for the next eleven years.

King Henry VI

30th October 1470 - King Henry VI returns to the English throne after Earl of Warwick defeats Yorkists in battle.

King John

19th October 1216 - King John dies at 49

King Henry VII

30th October 1485 - Henry VII is crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey, London

Queen Jane Seymour

24th October 1537 - Jane Seymour, 3rd wife of Henry VIII, and only wife to give him a living male heir, dies

Queen Anne of Cleves
4th October 1539 King Henry VIII marries Anne of Cleves

King John

12th October 1216 King John loses the Crown Jewels in The Wash whilst fleeing the Barons. Only a few of the original artefacts remain within the Jewel House. Most of the Crown Jewels which are on display in the Jewel House are the third set of Crown Jewels, King John lost the first set, Oliver Cromwell had the second set melted down and the set you now see was commissioned by King Charles II on his reinstatement to the throne in 1660.

Mary Stuart - Queen of Scots

5th October 1568 the trial of Mary Stuart – Mary Queen of Scots, begins in York.

Act of Supremacy

30th October 1534 Parliament passes the Act of Supremacy making King Henry VIII the head of the English Church thus breaking England’s ties to the Catholic Church and the Pope.

Thomas Wyatt

6th October 1542 Thomas Wyatt, the English Poet and a lover of Anne Boleyn, dies.

Thomas Howard - Duke of Norfolk

1st October 1569 Duke of Norfolk arrested

Bowling in the Palaces

15th October 1520 King Henry VIII orders bowling lanes at Whitehall

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