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On This Day in June

A selection of events either directly or indirectly connected with the Tower which have happened during the month of June

Queen Anne Boleyn - prisoner

1st June 1533 Anne Boleyn is Crowned Queen.

Anne Bohemia

7th June 1394 Anne of Bohemia, wife of Richard II of England dies after being infected by the plague

Book of Common Prayer

9th June 1549 Book of Common Prayer is adopted by the Church of England on the same day as the Act of Supremacy is Passed.

King Charles I

Charles I accepts Petition of Rights 7th June 1628

Richard Duke of Gloucester - monarch

26th 1483 - Duke of Gloucester appoints himself King Richard III of England

King Edward III - monarch

21st June 1377 - Edward III, king of England dies at the age of 64

Queen Catherine of Aragon

11th June 1509 King Henry VIII marries Catherine of Aragon, his late brother's wife, and so begins the saga of King Henry VIII and his six wives.

James Scott, Duke of Monmouth

11th June 1685 James Scott, Duke of Monmouth and the eldest of thirteen illegitimate children of Charles II, lead a revolt against his uncle, King James II. It didn't end well. James Scott was defeated and later captured, taken to the Tower and imprisoned then taken for execution on Tower Hill.

Simon Sudbury

14th June 1381, Simon Sudbury, Archbishop of Canterbury was dragged from the Tower of London by peasants from the Peasants Revolt, who had congregated on Blackheath to negotiate with King Richard II. The Archbishop was dragged onto Tower Hill and beheaded after eight swings of the axe. His crime was being the Lord Chancellor of England and imposing taxes upon the people which were unpopular. Later the peasants were rounded up and executed.

Queen Elizabeth II

2nd June 1953 Queen Elizabeth is crowned Queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Thomas Cromwell - prisoner

10th June 1540, Thomas Cromwell was arrested at Westminster and taken to the Tower for imprisonment. He was later executed on Tower Hill for Treason. He is the Great Grandfather of Oliver Cromwell who defeated Charles I and became Lord Protector of England.

English/French Treaty

23rd June 1532 - Henry VIII & Francois I signs secret treaty against emperor Karel V

Anne Neville

1456, 11th June, Anne Neville, the future wife of Richard III was born.

Anne of Cleves

24th June 1540 - King Henry VIII commands his 4th wife, Anne of Cleves, to leave the court. Later their marriage is annulled and she is proclaimed to be his 'sister'.

Prince Edward, The Black Prince

15th June 1330, Edward, the black prince, prince of Wales is born

Edward IV

28 June 1461 - Edward IV crowned king of England

Eton College

24th June 1441 - Eton College founded by Henry VI, the following year he founds Kings College Cambridge

King Henry VIII

24th June 1509 - Henry VIII crowned King of England

Irish Parliament

Magna Carta

15th June 1215, King John meets with his Barons and signs Magna Carta at Runnymede, England

Mary Queen of Scots

16th June 1567 Mary, Queen of Scots, imprisoned in Lochleven Castle prison Scotland. Contrary to belief she was never held at the Tower of London, nor was she beheaded there.

The Peasants Revolt

12th June, 1381, The Peasants Revolt arrives at Blackheath London.

The Rye House Plot

12th June 1683, The Rye House-plot against English king Charles II uncovered

Watt Tyler

15th June, 1381, Wat Tyler, leader of English Peasants' Revolt is killed on Blackheath whilst meeting with King Richard II

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