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On This Day in November

A selection of events either directly or indirectly connected with the Tower which have happened during the month of November

The Gunpowder Plot

1605 5th Nov The Catholic 'Gunpowder Plot' to assassinate James I is discovered and Guy Fawkes is arrested

William of Orange - monarch

1688 5th Nov William of Orange lands a 12,000-strong army at Torbay to claim the British throne from James II

John Balliol

17th Nov 1292 Edward I of England makes John Balliol king of Scotland, marking the start of increased English control

Eleanor of Castile

28th Nov 1290 Edward I's wife, Eleanor of Castile, dies. Crosses are erected where her body rests on the way to London

Cardinal Wolsey

4th November 1529 - Cardinal Thomas Wolsey is arrested for High Treason, and was taken from his home in Yorkshire to the Tower, however, the Cardinal was never to see the Tower as he fell ill on the journey and died at Leicester Abbey.

Queen Catherine Howard

9th November 1541 - Queen Catharine Howard, King Henry VIII’s fifth wife is confined to her rooms and later taken to Syon House where she stayed until being taken to the Tower in February 1542, where she was beheaded.

King Edward III

13th November 1312 –King Edward III is born

King Edward V

3rd November 1470 - Edward V, King of England , one of the ‘young princes’ held in the Tower by their Uncle, King Richard III, is born.

Robert Catesby

8th November 1605 - Robert Catesby, English conspirator in the Gun Powder Plot, was killed. He and fellow conspirators,Thomas Percy and Christopher and John Wright had fled London to Holbeche House in Staffordshire when the plot was discovered. On November 8th, the manor house was surrounded by the Sheriff of Worcester and his troops. The conspirators refused to surrender and a gunfight broke out during which Robert Catesby and his fellow conspirators were shot dead.

King Henry III

16th November 1271 – King Henry III dies

Henry Stafford Earl of Buckinghamshire

2nd November 1483 - Henry Stafford, Earl of Buckingham and Constable of England, was beheaded in Salisbury for Treason. His eldest son, Edward, suffered the same fate on 17th May 1521, he was beheaded on Tower Hill after a short spell as a prisoner in the Tower of London held on charges of treason.

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